Types of Cancer Conditions

Being diagnosed with cancer is scary and at times overwhelming. But you don’t have to navigate your options alone. Anova Cancer Care physicians and staff are here to help answer your questions, work with you on treatment planning and support you during cancer diagnosis and management.


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What is cancer and how does it develop?

The body is made up of billions of cells that perform specific functions, divide and eventually die off to give way to healthy, new cells. Cancerous cells, however, do not function normally.

Instead they go rogue, multiplying uncontrollably, damaging and sometimes invading other parts of the body, and failing to die off naturally. Cancerous cells are particularly dangerous because they can interfere with the digestive, nervous and circulatory systems, and otherwise affect how the body functions.

Types of cancer

There are over 100 different types of cancer, and each is classified by the type of cell that is initially affected. The most common types of cancer among men are lung, prostate, colon, rectum, stomach and liver cancers. Among women the most common cancer types are breast, colon, rectum, lung, cervix and stomach cancers.

Anova Cancer Care treats many forms of cancer including the following.

Bone cancer 

Bone cancer occurs when cells in a bone divide out of control, which can cause malignant (cancerous) tumors that destroy healthy bone tissue. Learn about bone cancer symptoms and risks.

Brain cancer

Brain cancer is the uncontrollable growth of abnormal cells in the brain, culminating in a brain tumor. Learn causes, symptoms & risks for brain cancer.

Kidney cancer

Renal cell carcinoma is the most common kidney cancer, and risk factors include cigarette smoking, obesity & hypertension. Learn about kidney cancer symptoms and other risk factors.

Liver cancer

Primary & secondary liver cancer, classified in stages, may not present symptoms early on. Learn about liver cancer symptoms and risks.

Lung cancer

The leading cause of cancer-related death & second most common cancer in men and women, lung cancer is the most preventable. Learn about lung cancer symptoms, diagnosis and treatments.

Pancreatic cancer

Pancreatic cancer is a rare but serious cancer that generally does not cause symptoms. Learn more about pancreatic diagnosis and risk factors.

Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer among American men and a slow-growing cancer that can be difficult to treat with traditional methods. Anova Cancer Care is a world leader in the treatment of prostate cancer. Learn about causes, symptoms, screening and diagnosis.

Spine cancer

Spine cancer is aggressively abnormal cell growth that forms malignant tumors in the spinal canal or the vertebrae that can be cancerous or noncancerous. Learn more about spine cancer diagnosis and risk factors.

Cancer prevention and treatment

Doctors aren’t sure why some people get cancer and others don’t. Research shows that genetics and environment can be factors in a person’s risk for cancer.

When treating cancer it’s best to catch tumors early before they spread to other parts of the body. Doctors may remove tumors with surgery, shrink them with traditional radiation or chemotherapy, or attack them by activating the body’s immune system — or possibly a combination of all three.

CyberKnife cancer treatment is a unique radiation therapy that targets cancerous cells, leaving healthy cells and surrounding tissue intact. Contrary to its name, CyberKnife involves no incisions and is a completely noninvasive alternative to conventional cancer treatment.

Treatment depends on:

  • The type of cancer someone has (the kind of abnormal cells causing the cancer)
  • The stage of the tumor (meaning how much the cancer has spread within the body, if at all).